World War I – 1918
President Wilson issues a proclamation putting the nation on war rations. He called for observance of two wheatless days, Monday and Wednesday, one wheatless and one meatless meal daily, meatless Tuesday and porkless Saturday. Simultaneously the food administration announced its new “victory bread” to contain 20 per cent of cereals other than wheat, after February 24. It also announced Tuesday would be a porkless day in addition to Saturday.
The construction of St. Mark’s Episcopal Church is completed.
A petition is being circulated in which citizens pledge not to eat meat for 30 days in order to reduce prices. One man said: “A year ago, 20 cents worth of meat would keep my whole family going all day, but now it costs 40 cents.”
Two wrought iron signs bearing the inscription Arneson River Theater have been placed on the San Antonio River beautification project, J. A. Hazelrigg, manager of the WPA in the San Antonio district, reported today. Made by the WPA crafts project, one of the signs is six feet long with lettering eight inches in height. This sign has been placed over the archway entrance to the river beautification project at the La Villita entrance. The second sign, 10 to 20 inches in size, has been placed on the theater building.
The roof and central dome of San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission collapse during a midnight Mass. Fortunately, the mass is being held in an adjoining room instead of the nave.
1917 – World War I
A crisp and cool Christmas morning arrived in San Antonio today finding the city quiet and almost meditative.
1917 – World War I
The day after war is declared on Austria, Brooks Field is dedicated and Kelly Field was in operation.
After yesterday’s sneak attack on Pearl Harbor by the Imperial forces of Japan, and an impassioned speech by President Roosevelt, Congress declares war on Japan by near-unanimous vote. The lone dissenting vote is Jeannette Rankin (R- Montana) who says, “As a woman I can’t go to war and I refuse to send anyone else.” She was urged to change her vote or at least abstain so that the vote would be unanimous. She refused.
Mayor White asked San Antonians to observe a moment of daily prayer in respect for the Korean crisis.
The first regular trip in San Antonio of an electric motor car was made on the Alamo Electric Street Railway Company’s track from Navarro Street to the International Fair Grounds, south of the city (Thompson-Houston system). Since the date, all the main street car lines adopted electric motor cars of this and the Sprague system, replacing mule-drawn streetcars.
1917 – World War I
Student officers at Camp Stanley will be sworn into the service at 8 o’clock tomorrow morning, the oath being administered by company commanders. There are 1,436 men to be commissioned, ranking from second lieutenant to captain and all will be held to active duty.
The first pedestrian crossing lanes in San Antonio have been painted at the intersection of Alamo and Houston streets.
1917 – World War I
Preliminary work on the building of cantonments for the 40,000 men to be housed at Camp Wilson after September will be started within a week and before another week elapses probably 5,000 mechanics and laborers will be hard at work on construction.
Jimmy Johnson’s Playland comes to San Antonio and holds its grand opening in its first location at 223 N. St. Mary’s Street.
The Police Department replaces their traditional royal and French blue uniforms with dark navy blue.
Jean Claude Neraz is consecrated as the second bishop of San Antonio, succeeding Bishop Pellicer.
1917 – World War I
The proposition to create Romana Plaza, at the north end of Soledad street, which has been under discussion by interested citizens for sev eral years, is to have the serious consideration of tho city council. The mayor, by resolution, was authorized to investigate and report back the estimated cost of this improvement which, in all previous discussions, has been linked with the widening project for Soledad Street. The tract of land which it is proposed should comprise the plaza is bounded by Romana, Dallas, Reynolds and Camden Streets and Main Avenue. It is an irregular block, one end of which is now occupied by the Main Avenue fire station. Should the project go through it is proposed that the city will donate this land to the plaza and acquire another site for the fire station.
In a precedent-making ceremony, the San Jose Mission was turned over to the National Park Service today as a result of an agreement between the Catholic Church, the county, and the Conservation Society of San Antonio, all of which deeded land to the Federal agency. Chief participants in the ceremonies were County Judge Charles W. Anderson, Archbishop Robert E. Lucey, Mrs. Lane Taylor, president of the Conservation Society; Undersecretary of the Interior Alvin J. Wirtz , and Wendell Mayes, chairman of the Texas State Park Board.
The Council House Fight takes place in the building next to San Fernando Cathedral. The meeting took place under a truce with the purpose of negotiating peace after two years of war between the Comanche Indians and the Republic of Texas. The Comanches sought to obtain recognition of the boundaries of the Comancheria, their homeland. The Texans wanted the release of Texan and Mexican captives held by the Comanches. The event ended with 12 Comanche leaders shot to death in the Council House, 23 shot in the streets of San Antonio, and 30 taken captive. The incident ended the chance for peace and led to years of hostility and war.
Construction of a portion of the Harry Wurzbach Memorial highway leading to Camp Bullis, a project involving the expenditure of more than $400.000, was approved today by the WPA. This link will begin at West avenue and extend northwest to the south line of Camp Bullis, a distance of seven and one-half miles. The entire Memorial highway will extend 17 miles, linking the camp with Fort Sam Houston and costing a total of more than $1,000,000.
(This road is known today as Northwest Military Highway.)
San Antonio’s new main mail processing center on Perrin-Beitel Road is officially opened. The new facility replaces the downtown post office as the Postal Service’s main facility in San Antonio. The downtown Houston Street post office will be a substation and will continue to offer window and post office box services.
The local Carnegie Library appealed to city residents to return long delinquent books.
Owen Kilday becomes Bexar County Sheriff. He will be the longest serving sheriff of Bexar County – until 1962.
The Randolph Field Ramblers, a team made up of former college athletes serving in the military, play the University of Texas to a 7-7 tie in the Cotton Bowl. This is the only San Antonio team to ever play in the Cotton Bowl and this was the first tie in the bowl game’s history. Only 15,000 spectators witnessed the game due to heavy rain.
It’s not a white Christmas in San Antonio – far from it! The mercury rises to a record high of 90 degrees in the Alamo City. Still a record high for the date.
A huge mountain of mulch in Helotes catches fire and burns for over two months. The mulch pile gets its own MySpace page and is nicknamed “Mulchie.”